The Government of India has implemented several initiatives to empower women and promote gender equality. Some of the key initiatives include:
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP): Launched in 2015, this program aims to improve the welfare of girls and reduce gender discrimination by promoting education and awareness. It focuses on improving the sex ratio and preventing female infanticide, as well as providing education and vocational training to girls.
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY): Implemented in 2017, this scheme provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women for their medical expenses and nutrition.
- Mahila E-Haat: Launched in 2016, this online marketplace allows women entrepreneurs and artisans to showcase and sell their products.
- Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: This scheme, launched in 2015, aims to provide financial security for the girl child’s education and marriage.
- National Mission for Empowerment of Women: Implemented in 2010, this mission aims to empower women through various programs such as education, health, and livelihoods.
- Working Women’s Hostel: This scheme provides affordable accommodation for working women, particularly those in rural areas.
- One Stop Centre: Implemented in 2015, these centers provide support and assistance to women facing violence and abuse.
- Mahila Police Volunteer: This initiative, launched in 2018, aims to empower women and increase their participation in community policing.
- Ujjawala: Launched in 2016, this scheme aims to rescue and rehabilitate women and children who are victims of trafficking.
- National Policy for the Empowerment of Women: This policy, adopted in 2001, aims to empower women through education, employment, and political participation.
These are some of the major initiatives undertaken by the Government of India to empower women and promote gender equality. While progress has been made, there is still a long way to go to ensure that women have equal access to opportunities and resources.